DefinitionA sound of laughter
Sensory ModalityEmotion
undergoes multiple repetition to imitate ongoingness of laughter. Prosodic foregrounding may add additional qualities to this stylized depiction of laughter, such as joy, heartiness, out-of-control revelry, etc.
Transcriptionjambana niɕa ujaɾiuɕhka tɕun tukuɕka . . . tɕi-ga tɕi waɕa pajga ha ha ha
Translation After saying ‘yambana’ it became chun (quiet) and after that he went ha ha ha (laughing) . . .
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Transcriptionujaj tɕi kukuli wakawmi ɲukantɕi mikukta ɾikuɕa ɲa pajna ha ha ha ha ha ha asiuŋguna; tɕiga ʎakiiʎa ujaɾik aŋ; tɕasnaɕa tɕitas ʎakig mani ɲuka tɕi kukuliiiii kukuli niktawas
Translation'Listen! (they might say), the kukuli cries seeing us eating together' and those ones would be laughing ha ha ha ha ha ha (delightedly), while that (bird) sounds just so sad. That's why I feel for this (bird), I do, when it goes kukuliiiii kukuli.
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Transcriptionha ha, ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, ha haʃi upiʃa tijak aʃkawna
Translationthey were there laughing "ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, ha ha"
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Transcriptionuna (ni)kpiga, kajma jaŋga ha ha ha ha ha, ha ha, ha ha asiʃa tijaʃkawna
TranslationIn a little bit of time, they were just laughing there "ha ha ha ha ha, ha ha, ha ha"
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Nuckolls, Janis; Tod Swanson; Charles Alger. 2024. ha1. The Quechua Ideophonic Dictionary. Online: https://quechuarealwords.byu.edu/?ideophone=ha.